Treatments for cervical cancer typically include a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The specific treatment or combination of treatments recommended will depend on the stage and severity of the cancer, as well as the overall health of the patient.
- Surgery: Surgery is typically used for early-stage cervical cancer. The goal of surgery is to remove the cancerous tumor and surrounding tissue. Types of surgery include
- Conization: removal of a cone-shaped piece of tissue from the cervix
- Simple hysterectomy: removal of the uterus
- Radical hysterectomy: removal of the uterus, cervix, and surrounding tissue
- Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. It is often used in combination with surgery or chemotherapy. It can also be used to treat more advanced cervical cancer.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It is often used in combination with radiation therapy. It can also be used to treat more advanced cervical cancer.
- Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is a newer treatment option that helps the body's immune system fight cancer.
- Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy is a newer treatment option that uses drugs to target specific genes or proteins that are found in cancer cells.
It's important to consult with a medical professional to determine the best treatment plan for cervical cancer based on the individual's case.